TIS and VEPTR
The vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) is a surgically implanted device to treat thoracic insufficiency syndrome in pediatric patients.
Thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS) is a congenital condition where severe deformities of the chest, spine and ribs prevent normal breathing, lung growth and lung development.
The VEPTR device is a curved metal rod that is attached to a child’s ribs near the spine using hooks on both ends of the device. The VEPTR helps straighten the spine and separate ribs so the lungs can grow and expand as the child grows.
The length of the VEPTR device can be expanded or contracted as the patient grows.
Here you will see an example of what a VEPTR device looks like.